scriptural sources often referenced in support of infant baptism:

  1. The Great Commission (Matthew 28:19-20): “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you.”

Proponents of infant baptism argue that the command to baptize all nations includes infants who are part of the community of believers.

  1. Household Baptisms: There are instances in the Bible where entire households were baptized, which some interpret as including infants. These passages include:
    • Lydia’s household (Acts 16:15)
    • The Philippian jailer’s household (Acts 16:33)
    • Crispus’ household (Acts 18:8)
    • Stephanas’ household (1 Corinthians 1:16)

Advocates of infant baptism contend that since households typically consist of individuals of different ages, it is likely that infants and children were included in these baptisms.

  1. Covenantal Theology: Some proponents of infant baptism emphasize the continuity of God’s covenant with His people, arguing that the Abrahamic covenant includes infants. They point to passages like Genesis 17:7, where God establishes His covenant with Abraham and his descendants, including infants who were circumcised as a sign of the covenant.
  2. Jesus’ Welcoming of Children: In several instances, Jesus expressed love and care for children. For example:
    • “Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these” (Matthew 19:14).
    • “Whoever welcomes one of these little children in my name welcomes me” (Mark 9:37).

Supporters of infant baptism argue that Jesus’ inclusive attitude towards children implies their eligibility for baptism.

It’s important to note that these scriptural references are interpreted differently among various Christian denominations and traditions. The interpretation and application of these passages can vary, leading to differing practices regarding infant baptism.

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