Unraveling the Mystery: Who is Melchizedek, Really?

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Melchizedek is one of the most intriguing figures in the Bible. He appears only once in Genesis 14:18-20 and again in Hebrews 5:6, 7:1-3, and 11:10. But who was this enigmatic king-priest? Let’s dive into the mystery!

The Biblical Account

In Genesis 14:18-20, Melchizedek is described as a king of Salem (meaning “peace”) who meets Abraham after he has just defeated several kings in battle. Abraham gives Melchizedek one-tenth of the spoils of war, and Melchizedek blesses Abraham, calling him “righteous” and acknowledging that God is his God.

The New Testament Connection

In Hebrews 5:6, the author writes that Jesus is “a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.” This statement suggests that Jesus’ priesthood is not limited to a specific time or place, but rather has eternal significance. In Hebrews 7:1-3, the author explains why Jesus’ priesthood is superior to that of Levi (the tribe from which the Jewish priests came). The argument is based on Melchizedek’s example.

The Apocryphal Account

But what about the Book of Jasher? This apocryphal text provides additional information about Melchizedek, describing him as a king of Shalem who was actually a descendant of Enoch. According to this account, Melchizedek was a just and righteous ruler, loved by God, and he built the city of Shalem and established its laws.

The Identity of Melchizedek

So, who is Melchizedek? According to the Bible, it doesn’t say specifically. But in the Book of Jasher, he is identified as Shem, a descendant of Enoch. While this apocryphal text provides additional information, its accounts are not considered authoritative or canonical by most Christian scholars.

The Significance of Melchizedek

Despite the lack of specific identification, Melchizedek’s significance in the Bible lies in his role as a prototype or precursor to Jesus Christ. His unique combination of human and divine characteristics makes him a fascinating figure who points to the greater reality of Jesus’ priesthood and sacrifice.


Melchizedek is a mysterious figure who has captured the imagination of many. While we may not know his specific identity, his significance in the Bible is undeniable. Whether you’re a scholar or just curious about the Bible, Melchizedek’s story is one that will leave you pondering the mysteries of God.

Share Your Thoughts!

What do you think about Melchizedek? Do you have any questions or insights to share? Let us know in the comments below!

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